Posted in Sabbath, Torah

Evolution of Sabbath Pt 2.3


The next mention is during the detailed explanations of the tabernacle and rules for the people. The Sabbath is a real sign, for generations so that we and others who see, understand that Yahweh is making us holy.

Exd 31:12 NKJV – And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Exd 31:13 NKJV – “Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: ‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it [is] a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that [you] may know that I [am] the LORD who sanctifies you.

Exd 31:14 NKJV – ‘You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for [it is] holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does [any] work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.

Exd 31:15 NKJV – ‘Work shall be done for six days, but the seventh [is] the Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does [any] work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.

Exd 31:16 NKJV – ‘Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations [as] a perpetual covenant.

Exd 31:17 NKJV – ‘It [is] a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for [in] six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ”

This mention is within the context of the special instructions of Yahweh to build the place of meeting with Yahs people. So it is the specific instructions to Moses for the people, yet what Yahweh called out by voice is the previous more simple statement.

This instruction carries with it 3 significant additions:

  • Not only is Israel to keep it (Holy), if it is profaned (made common) the person doing the action is to be killed. We have now left the concept of simple directives, Instructions, and Commands to Life and Death. Being put to death is equated with being “cut off from among the people”
  • It is a perpetual covenant throughout the generations of Israel. Generations mean the same people forthcoming, and perpetual can mean ancient. The idea here is from this point forward, it is for all Israel, all the time. As long as there is a people of Israel, this stands.
  • It is a sign forever. This word for sign means literally distinguishing mark, banner etc..  It is the thing which makes the people of Israel known. This word is used about signs in the heavens, the mark on Cain etc… it is communication. Forever means the same as perpetual above. It never ends.  It is a sign to Yahweh apparently, but also to others.
Posted in Torah

Gen 1:27

Gen 1:27 ESV – So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.

Biological Polarity vs Gender vs Sex

There is far more to this idea than could ever be explained here, but it needs to be summarily explained to at least bring into focus many errors from this simple mistake.

Biological Polarity: At this point, there is NO polarity (opposites) of humanity, at least in the simple and direct language of the scripture. There is only 1 individual animal in this case in its simplest and direct reading. We see later that female was separated from this creature, so in this case there is only 1 creature. The biological polarity of male and female exist in one localized creature and all interactions apply to both. At some point female as a biological polar opposite comes out of this creature, and the remaining creature becomes male.

Gender: Gender is the characteristics of the biological polarity. Terms like “Masculine” and “Feminine” are the language concepts attempting to communicate Gender. Gender is not polar as much as it is characteristic. Things are more “masculine” than “feminine” or vice versa.

The concept of something being masculine rests on its integrity and ability to communicate the biological polarity.  A classic dilemma is the assignment of behaviors of a person with Gender. Is it really more “masculine” to enjoy 1 behavior than another? Building and making things, competition, nurture all have masculine and feminine examples. It seems that competitive sports are masculine, yet the experience of competition is very common in a feminine milieu when presented as women competing with each other based on appearance/attractiveness.  Change the context (but not the literal motive for understanding ones position relative to someone else) and something appears to be gender.

Sex: Sex isn’t meaning sexual behavior, but the idea of male or female. A Male human has a different function and experience than a Female. And the primary expression of a Male is “Masculine” gender characteristics. For the Female, it is a primary expression of “Feminine” gender character. The sex of an individual is polar, yet the experience in any given situation, as well as motives and results can appear to be almost a relative continuum of Gender.

For example, men nurture. Classically, men have been shepherds in antiquity. Shepherds can be perceived in many ways, yet no one would dispute that real shepherds have an element of nurture that is intrinsic to the term.

Women initiate and administrate as well as rule in a real sense. Again, classically, women that are wives and mothers have been expressed as those who govern the “house” or the home in many societies. It is obvious when seeing real examples of this, the same elements of mastery, decisiveness, and directive communication one would see in many other spheres of rulership and leadership are present.

To be brief (and blunt) Man is Mankind, not Male. Male isn’t Female, nor Female, Male. But neither operate without each other, and each can express elements, and will typically do so with a gender orientation that follows Masculinity/Male and Femininity/Female. Neither is superior or inferior to the other, they are from the SAME creation/creature.

There is NO INTRINSIC VALUE ASSOCIATED WITH ETHER AGAINST THE OTHER IN SCRIPTURE. To believe this, propose it, or even consider it a real idea is to fall into serious error, one I feel is literally the genesis of satanic/evil agenda.

The fundamental reason for this, is this single creature, humankind, was made in Yahwehs Image. The later division into polarity of biological roles happens after the creation and directives given by Yah.

We don’t truly know what this image is. We know it is in Gods image, yet nothing is described. However this creature is the ONLY one mentioned bearing this image. Something in unique and special about this creature, and its main creative matrix is imagery of Divine. 

Posted in Torah

Gen 1:26

Gen 1:26 ESV – Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

Day 6 Part 2

This gets to a core part of the rest of scripture. Scripture from this point on has much more to say about interaction with this single part of creation more than anything else. The book is truly mostly about God and man(kind), man and man, and man and creation.

A key piece of this verse is the use of the word man. This is far more understood as “mankind” in most uses of this term than any other application. The reason this is key, is that all the following instructions, blessings, concepts etc… are for all of humankind, not males. This will be describe more in the next post.

The other key piece is the idea of dominion. This word simply doesn’t work well in modern language in that it implies domination which is either negative (abusive) or result of competitive (being dominated in sport of business). It also is polar in the idea of dominator and submissive.

There is some definitions that infer teaching, correction etc.. like a prophetic word. In English a dominion can be a noun in describing or defining the realm of responsibility.

Put this typical definition of domination (vs submission) in context to every other scripture verse, especially of any single expression of instruction from Yah to mankind about their behavior. When you attempt to objectively read Yahwehs instructions to people, there is a constant correction against ruling over one another in Israel and that idea is carried over into the 1st Century writings.

If you want to see a perverted example of dominion over the earth, or at very least animals, look at the modern agricultural methodology of raising livestock and bringing it to the market. Animals are simply objects for satiation of the human appetite for calories and profit. It is inhumane from beginning to end, and it rests on the idea that humans have a right (and in faith based circles an implied obligation) to orchestrate animals this way.

We see later in scripture how much Yah hates oppression, and oppression comes from this simple idea of domination. One of the primary missions of Yahs Messiah is to break the back of oppression. 

I propose this issues is so bent and broken it takes much disinvestment and meditation to reimage real dominion. Yahweh has the right to destroy everything and yet works diligently to teach and instruct and lead creation into repentance rather than treat them like an object. 

Posted in Sabbath, Torah

Evolution of Sabbath Pt 2.2


The next mention of Sabbath is in the giving of the first 10 commands to Moses. He says them to the people as a community.

We are now in a totally different application, as this is the words spoken by Yahweh to Israel. This was a terrifying and intense experience. This is Yahweh speaking without mediation to the people who said “All that Yahweh has spoken we will do”. This is tied to a promised goal, therefore this is conditional. If they obey the voice they will shortly hear, and keep the covenant that is coming, Israel will be unique among the Earth, being the priests and set apart people.

Exd 19:3 NKJV – And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel:

Exd 19:4 NKJV – ‘You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and [how] I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself.

Exd 19:5 NKJV – ‘Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth [is] Mine.

Exd 19:6 NKJV – ‘And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These [are] the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.”

Exd 19:7 NKJV – So Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before them all these words which the LORD commanded him.

Exd 19:8 NKJV – Then all the people answered together and said, “All that the LORD has spoken we will do.” So Moses brought back the words of the people to the LORD.

Within the 10 forthcoming commands is this statement about Sabbath

Exd 20:8 NKJV – “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Exd 20:9 NKJV – Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

Exd 20:10 NKJV – but the seventh day [is] the Sabbath of the LORD your God. [In it] you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who [is] within your gates.

Exd 20:11 NKJV – For [in] six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that [is] in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

It is a very simple and direct statement, almost deceptively simple. The key pieces appear to be:

  • Holy: literally applied this mean set apart, dedicated, separate.
  • Labor: Tis is work for ANOTHER in its primary usage. This is clearly tied to a “job” but also more deeply, someone other than Yahweh. This day is for YAHWEH alone, not for the work for another.
  • Work: This is different than labor above. The word above is almost totally tied to working for someone else, but this is occupation or business, property etc…
  • Sabbath of Yahweh your God: This is not OUR Sabbath, we are invited into Yahwehs Sabbath, and it is clearly every 7 days.
  • Universally applied to all. Even a slave or a servant or visitor is required to do this. This sets Israel apart from any people anywhere.
  • Yahwehs blessing: Yahweh blessed this day,a nd set it apart. We are invited into what Yahweh has already done.

General Ideas

Work and Labor are clear. Things that earn income, create provision etc… and the definition of this to be all people within the nation, whether slave or free, Jew or Gentile etc… results in there being no commerce at all. For example, going to the store and buying something isn’t a problem with buying, it is a problem that someone is working to SELL you something.

Work and Labor are NOT activity in general. There is no direct requirement to abstain from activity, but simply activity under the application of Labor or Work.

At this point the experience of Sabbath (objectively) is now not just something externally imposed (i.e. manna rots day to day, but doesn’t on Sabbath), but shifts to something we participate in. We are invited into something, and we make adjustments in our actions to be involved. Our involvement is in response to Yahwehs literal voice, and is part of our agreement to be Yahwehs special people.

This now makes our involvement in Israel conditional. If you are part of Israel, you MUST do this. If you aren’t part of Israel, it is irrelevant. As well, if you don’t do this, you ARE NOT part of Israel.


Posted in Creation, Torah

Gen 1:24-25

Gen 1:24 ESV – And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds–livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so.
Gen 1:25 ESV – And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

This is the first part of the 6th Day.

This is the third actual creation in the Earth itself. The vegetation was the first, and birds are not all water based, they nest on land.  

This is everything that makes its life on the surface of the earth, not the waters. Birds make nests on the land, but dominate the air.

This is the basis for the theory of evolution, following this pattern of water to land. This only works if you can prove the following:

  1. The day mentioned here is not literal (and there is a case to be made for that as we don’t have a measurement of time), and is significantly longer than what we experience as a day. It would have to be incredibly longer than the metaphorical “with the Lord a day is like a thousand years” concept. A day would have to be millions of years according to the current theory of Evolution of species.
  2. You would have to prove that species literally change over time into other species, not just literally evolve into more and more sophisticated (or possibly simpler) forms of the same species.

Another interesting point here is there is no blessing to be fruitful and multiply as there was in the air and water life. It is still good, but the blessing isn’t pronounced on these creatures, possibly at all. We see it later in the day, but at this point it isn’t clear. 

Posted in Creation, Torah

Gen 1:20-23

Gen 1:20 ESV – And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.”
Gen 1:21 ESV – So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:22 ESV – And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.”
Gen 1:23 ESV – And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day.

This is clear on its own. Some things I think re interesting are:

  1. Yah starts FROM waters in the planet itself, and now starts in waters (albeit a different kind) for living creatures.
  2. Fish and Birds have a similar behavior. There are some that are migratory, some that are localized. There is a similarity in watching them swarm, almost as if they have a common mind.
  3. The blessing to be fruitful and multiply is also in essence a commandment, and is always associated with humankind, but in reality is spoken to these 2 types of animals. This word is the first use of this word in Hebrew. It is both a verb, but also in some way the result of being blessed by God. It is both the blessing itself, and the power and ability of the blessing to accomplish its purpose. It starts here and finds itself all the way into the Abrahamic Covenant.






pä·rä’ (Key)

Part of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

A primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1809

Outline of Biblical Usage

  1. to bear fruit, be fruitful, branch off
  2. (Qal) to bear fruit, be fruitful
  3. (Hiphil)
  4. to cause to bear fruit
  5. to make fruitful
  6. to show fruitfulness, bear fruit


Posted in Sabbath, Torah

Evolution of Sabbath Part 2.1

Part 2 Sabbath as progressive revelation

Each mention of Sabbath seems to introduce and develop the concept of Sabbath further. We see at least these top level concepts communicated progressively over time:

  • Instruction
  • Command
  • Sign
  • Requirement
  • Type
  • Fulfillment


The first mention of Sabbath directly to people is Ex 16:23 at the giving of manna. This was both provision and a test of obedience which could result in Israel learning Trust. By experiencing Yahs faithfulness to keep them now that they were delivered from slavery, the foundation can be laid for the fulfillment of the Abrahamic covenant, and the promise of a place to be, provision and blessing to Israel, and then to the rest of the Earth.

Exd 16:23 NKJV – Then he said to them, “This [is what] the LORD has said: ‘Tomorrow [is] a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake [today], and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.’ “

  1. By trusting in Yah to provide food for each day, Israel would get trained in faith and obedience. Every day had just enough, and none of it could be gathered and left for more than your need.
  2. Obedience every day was simple, as the manna rotted. EXCEPT for this special day you couldn’t overcome the inherent limit of provision. By trusting in Yah every 6th day for 2 days worth, it reconnects us to the provision and faithfulness of Yah. Every day is NOT the same.

This is instructive. The limits are self-imposed, and cannot be violated. Manna doesn’t keep except for the Sabbath. The consequences are smelly maggot infested manna, You simply don’t do that twice.

There seems to be a part of this that is implied that you don’t COOK or process it on Sabbath. You eat the left over manna that had been made.